Tsitsino Davituliani – Doctor of Geographic, Associate Professor of Kutaisi University, Associated Professor of Akaki Tsereteli State University
Economic Profile N12, May 2013, pp 68-72
At the turn of XX and XXI centuries. the concept of globalization has become a truly topical. Acceleration of globalization in the late twentieth century in large part because of what happened at that time, the information revolution, which led to the creation of global information networks. We can say that these days the information itself has become a valuable, expensive commodity, and “perishable” and therefore in need of constant updating. According to some estimates, the revenue of the global information economy in 2000 exceeded $ 4 trillion. A very special role in the formation of a global information space is the World Wide Internet communications system. The main idea of the Internet – the free flow of information and the establishment of contacts between people. In order to research in the article studied the geographical aspects of the development of the global information space, not only in the world, but in our country. The source of the data, we took the UN and Internetworldstats.com. The method of statistical analysis showed that:
- The beginning of the XIX century was a time of the triumph of the Internet truly all over the planet;
- The number of Internet users is by attaching their personal computers has increased from 5 million in 1991 to 60 million in 1996, 730 million in 2003 and over 1.1 billion in 2008;
- The highest number of Internet users is the U.S., where it covers 70% of the population. In Japan, Germany and the UK such coverage reaches 60-70%. From developing countries by number of Internet users, in addition to China (210 million) are highlighted India (40 million) and Brazil (32 million);
- Similarly, the number of Internet users is growing in Georgia, it increased from 20 000 (2000) to 1,637,905 (2011);
- The proportion of the population covered by the Internet in Georgia is 22.2% and ranks first among the countries of the South Caucasus (18% in Azerbaijan and 6.4% in Armenia);
- Tendency of change of the global information space is developing alike in Georgia and around the world.
From the above it can be concluded that, in these days has been laid a sufficient basis for the formation of a global information space. But the notion that it has already formed, it would clearly be premature, because in this respect between different regions and countries, there are large geographical differences.
Article in Georgian